Multidimensional Social Crisis and Religious Violence in Southeast Asia: Regional Strategic Agenda, Weak Civilian Government, Triune Crime, Wealth Gaps, and Coopted Journalism
Ija Suntana
UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
Betty Tresnawaty
UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
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Religion harassment
triune crime
economic gaps
peace journalism

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Suntana, I., & Tresnawaty, B. (2021). Multidimensional Social Crisis and Religious Violence in Southeast Asia: Regional Strategic Agenda, Weak Civilian Government, Triune Crime, Wealth Gaps, and Coopted Journalism. Journal of Culture and Values in Education, 4(2), 1-13.


Five factors have contributed greatly to religious violence in the Southeast Asia: the regional strategic agenda of a great power; weak civilian government; triune crimes and scholar phobia; wealth gaps; and coopted journalism. These are the roots of the increase of religion-related violence in this region. Religious violence in this area is a psychological symptom of a society facing complex social situations related to power struggles and economic domination. As an evidence, the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar is not caused by a clash of beliefs but by those five factors, thus it turns into a prolonged and complex humanitarian crisis that it also gives social impacts into surrounding countries. Therefore, solving the problem of religious violence in Southeast Asia must address these five causes.

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